Applicants continued to be examined in Greek, Latin, mathematics, and English (geography fell by the wayside in 1874) with the addition of French in 1876 and German (as an alternative to French) in 1891.Admission
The first African American to receive an advanced degree from Brown was John Wesley Gilbert 1888, who received his A.M. degree in 1891.African Americans
In 1891 the observatory, a gift of Governor Ladd, was a reality.Astronomy
An advisory board of nine alumni, which would select its own successors, appointed Henry R. Palmer 1890 as the first editor, Joseph N. Ashton 1891 as associate editor, and William L. Clark 1901 as business manager.BAM Brown Alumni Monthly
After another move to Sioux Falls, South Dakota in 1891, at the age of 17, Charles Wilson Brown went to work for an insurance, building and loan, and trust company where he learned stenography and bookkeeping.Brown, Charles Wilson
The March 1891 issue noted a tendency to criticize the magazine’s policy of "freely admitting the professors to its pages."Brown Magazine
In 1891-92 it was decided that every member of the graduating class was entitled to submit an oration.Commencement
With the advent of the Bachelor of Science degree in 1891, the course of instruction for the Bachelor of Arts degree was altered so that after a freshman year filled with required studies (Greek, Latin, French, and mathematics) chosen for the disciplinary value, the required courses for sophomore, junior, and senior years were limited to subjects (English, German, history, and philosophy) "the pursuit of which is deemed necessary for all students who are to be recommended for a collegiate degree.Curriculum
The next year James Q. Dealey was professor of languages and history at Denton Normal College in Texas, and from 1891 to 1893 he taught Latin at Vermont Academy.Dealey, James Q.
A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science was drawn up in 1891, and the Sc.B. degree was awarded for the first time in 1897 to three candidates.Degrees
Randall was made assistant professor of mathematics and civil engineering in 1891, advanced the next year to associate professor of mechanical drawing, and was from 1892 to 1930 professor of applied mathematics.Engineering
Brown offered its first course leading to an engineering degree in 1891.Engineering
In 1891 Louis F. Snow, instructor in elocution, was allowed to offer a special elective in Shakespeare for seniors.English
The admission of women students in 1891 brought about the appointment of the first women faculty members, hired to teach those courses which could not be taught to young ladies by a male professor, namely, biology, hygiene, and physical education.Faculty
There were no games between 1886 and 1889, when Brown might have made use of a student named John Heisman 1891, who stayed for only two years.Football
The 1891 team, suffering from injuries and a shortage of substitutes, finished its season 4-6.Football
F. D. Stidham 1891 later provided a bronze plaque for the gymnasium to commemorate this near victory.Football
While mention of Mr. Howland in the "Brown Daily Herald" in 1892 does not include his first name, there is noted as an umpire at games that year a Howland identified as "Harvard" or "Yale ’91" (identified as Charles P. Howland, Yale 1891, who received an advanced degree from Harvard a few years later).Football
Wallace Moyle, Yale 1891, also played for Yale and coached the Dartmouth team.Football
Brown men who have been elected to the Football Hall of Fame are John W. Heisman 1891, DeOrmond McLaughry, Frederick D. Pollard ’19, Edward North Robinson 1896, and Wallace Wade ’17.Football
Wilson taught political and social science at Brown from 1891 to 1910, when he became professor of international law at Harvard.Graduate School
Also through the efforts of Professor Williams the first graduate fellowship was established in 1891 by the Rhode Island Department of Grand Army of the Republic with a fund of $10,000, the income of which was available to assist a graduate student, preferably the descendant of a Union veteran of the Civil War.Graduate School
John F. Greene graduated from Brown in 1891 and the next fall was made an instructor in Greek, which he taught until 1894, when he asked to be assigned to the teaching of Latin.Greene, John F.
Gymnastics became important in 1891, when Lyman Gymnasium was built and Dr. Fred E. Parker was appointed director of physical culture.Gymnastics
James Blaine Hedges (1891-1965), professor of history, was born in Bowling Green, Missouri, on November 19, 1891.Hedges, James B.
In 1891-92 Jameson introduced a new course of practical exercises in American history, in which students did independent work on selected topics, using original materials in local libraries.History
Wilfred Harold Munro 1870 was associate professor of history from 1891 to 1899 and professor of European history from 1899 to 1911.History
She was the daughter of the Reverend Henry Melville King, pastor of the First Baptist Church in Providence from 1891 to 1906, and was descended through her paternal grandmother from John Alden of Plymouth and the Mayflower.King, Lida Shaw
The subject was often brought up in the pages of the "Brunonian," and "King’s Pocket-book of Providence, R.I." in 1882 went so far as to list among its descriptions of existing buildings of Brown University: Lyman’s bequest with other contributions was sufficient to cover the $66,000 cost of building and equipping the gymnasium, which was completed in November 1891.Lyman Hall
The opening celebration was the Gym Ball held on December 2, 1891, amid lavish decorations consisting of potted plants, and appropriate items such as fencing foils and boxing gloves arrayed on the rail around the running track.Lyman Hall
During the second term of 1891-92 physical education was required of all students four times a week.Lyman Hall
Andrew Hamilton MacPhail (1891-1981), professor of educational psychology, was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, on August 16, 1891.MacPhail, Andrew H.
In 1891 Alonzo Williams recommended that the department, which by this time included German, French, Italian, and Spanish languages and literatures, be split into two separate departments.Modern Languages
Wilfred H. Munro resumed his study of history at Freiburg and Heidelburg in 1890 and 1891, and in 1891 began his teaching career at Brown as associate professor of history.Munro, Wilfred H.
Music was included in the Department of Fine Arts when it was first taught in 1895 by Joseph N. Ashton 1891, who had been appointed instructor of musical theory and history.Music
Alpheus S. Packard gained international recognition in his field, as evidenced by his election in 1872 to the Imperial Zoological-Botanical Society of Vienna, in 1875 to the Société Royale des Sciences de Liègge, Belgium, in 1891 to the Society of Friends of Natural Science of Moscow, and in 1901 to the Linnaen Society of London.Packard, Alpheus S.
In 1891-92 William Carey Poland was annual director of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, and on his return was named the first professor of the history of art at Brown.Poland, William Carey
In 1891 the department was expanded to include history, political science, and social science with George Grafton Wilson, newly-appointed associate professor of political and social science.Political Science
He wrote in his 1891 annual report, "Psychology, pursued by the senior class during the first term, was treated mainly from the rational point of view, yet with effort to give due attention to the certain and probable results of recent work of Experimental Psychology and Psychophysics.Psychology
Otis E. Randall was assistant professor of mathematics and civil engineering in 1891-92, associate professor of mechanical drawing from 1892 to 1896, and professor of applied mechanics from 1896 until his retirement in 1930.Randall, Otis E.
Sociology first appeared in the curriculum in 1891 when the Department of History and Political Science added Social Science to its title and George Grafton Wilson 1886 was appointed associate professor of political and social science.Sociology
In 1891 John B. Barbour 1891, Edward B. Birge 1891, and Arthur H. Colby 1891 compiled "Songs of Brown University," a collection of songs, mostly written by the students.Songs
Fred Hovey 1890, a future national champion who won the U.S. Doubles in 1893 and 1894 and the U.S. Singles in 1895, won the college championship in 1887 and successfully defended it against William R. Weeden 1891, the winner of the 1888 tournament.Tennis
In the 1890 meet, Fred Hovey 1890 took second in the pole vault and E. A. Barrows 1891 won the high jump with five feet five inches.Track
In March of 1891 an indoor meet was held in Sayles Hall, with the Sanitary Gymnasium, the Y.M.C.A., and the Narragansett Boat Club members as participants.Track
A few years later he was inclined to leave when the promised observatory had not materialized, but the welcome gift of Governor Herbert Ladd made it possible for Ladd Observatory to be built under Upton’s supervision in 1891.Upton, Winslow
Wilson Hall was dedicated on June 15, 1891, a Romanesque style building of random ashlar sandstone with brownstone trim designed by Gould and Angell with a clock in the front side and a sundial on the south side.Wilson Hall
The building was first occupied in February 1891 before all the floors were laid or any of the doors hung.Wilson Hall